Frequently Asked Questions
At Ford ERF, we will treat 275,000 tonnes of non-recyclable waste each year and generate enough energy to power 68,000 homes. That’s equivalent to powering a town the size of Bognor Regis.
We’ll also provide a boost to the local economy, generating employment and supply chain opportunities, as well as training schemes for apprentices.
The main building itself will contain a tipping hall, waste bunker, boiler house, ash storage, turbine and flue gas treatment. There will be separate structures for the transformer and electrical rooms and air-cooled condenser.
The Waste Sorting and Transfer Facility will contain a large storage building, workshop, admin facilities and car parking.
You can also see how the proposed facility would look from the South Downs National Park. This image form part of our visual impact assessment, which will be included with other viewpoints as part of our planning application. View Planning Application
Both facilities have been designed to minimise noise where possible. Site management procedures will be adopted to manage this.
During operations, periodic perimeter surveys would check for odours and the results would be recorded in an operations log book that would be available for inspection by the Environment Agency.
All areas where waste is handled are fully enclosed within the buildings.
Traffic and transport
You can view our proposed HGV route here.
Environmental and technical
We would use a continuous, automatic monitoring system, which operates 24 hours a day, all year round. The monitoring results would be automatically sent to the regulator – the Environment Agency – which reviews them against the relevant UK and international standards.
You can find out more information on how emissions are monitored here
- Dust (Particulates) - Particulate Matter is generally categorised on the basis of the size of the particles. It is made up of a wide range of materials and can arise from a variety of sources. Particulate Matter derives from both human-made and natural sources, such as sea spray, Saharan dust and volcanic eruptions. In the UK one of the biggest human-made sources of particulate matter is transport.
- Total Organic Carbon - Total Organic Carbon is part of a group of liquids and gases often called volatile organic compounds (VOCs). Many industrial processes emit VOCs including printing, surface coating and painting, however, households and road transport also contribute a substantial fraction.
- Hydrogen Chloride (HCl) - At room temperature, Hydrogen Chloride exists as either a colourless or slightly yellow gas. The main source of Hydrogen Chloride is old coal burning power stations.
- Carbon Monoxide (CO) - Carbon Monoxide is formed from incomplete combustion of carbon-containing fuels. The largest source is from road transport; older vehicles which do not have catalytic convertors produce significant amounts with newer cars producing very little.
- Sulphur Dioxide (SO2)- UK emissions are dominated by combustion of fuels containing Sulphur, such as coal and heavy oils by power stations and refineries. In some parts of the UK, notably Northern Ireland, coal for domestic use is a significant source.
- Oxides of Nitrogen - All combustion processes in air produce oxides of nitrogen (NOx). Nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and nitric oxide (NO) are both oxides of nitrogen and together are referred to as NOx Road transport is the main source, but this can also be formed in lightning storms and from natural breakdown processes in soil and water.
Emissions management is built into the design of the ERF. Flue gases are treated to ensure ERFs are a low source of environmental pollutants and contribute only a small fraction of both local and national total emissions of particles.
Non-recyclable waste is burnt under controlled conditions and heat from the combustion process generates high pressure steam and energy. The combustion gases are cleaned before they are released to atmosphere. There are typically four components to the flue gas cleaning and abatement technique:
- Selective Non-Catalytic Reduction (SNCR), by injecting urea into the combustion chamber, abates nitrogen oxides;
- Hydrated lime reagent, is injected to neutralise acid gas compounds;
- Activated carbon, is injected to absorb mercury, dioxins and furans;
- Bag filtration remove fine particulates.
During operations, the existing 24 jobs at the WSTF will increase to approximately 40 permanent jobs. In addition, a further 40 permanent jobs will be created at the ERF. In total, we expect to have around 80 people permanently employed on site.