Frequently Asked Questions


A: Ford CTP will play an important role in managing household and commercial waste to recover recyclable waste at the Waste Sorting and Transfer Facility (WSTF) and by using it as fuel to create electricity in the Energy Recovery Facility (ERF). In doing this, we can divert significant volumes of waste away from landfill and create local employment opportunities.

At Ford ERF, we will treat 275,000 tonnes of non-recyclable waste each year and generate enough energy to power 68,000 homes. That’s equivalent to powering a town the size of Bognor Regis.

We’ll also provide a boost to the local economy, generating employment and supply chain opportunities, as well as training schemes for apprentices.

A: West Sussex has a significant waste capacity gap already, so the new facilities at Ford CTP will help close the local gap and divert material from landfill or overseas export, but we’ll also be able to take non-recyclable waste from neighbouring counties too.
A: We’ll accept non-hazardous household and commercial waste, including non-recyclable waste that has been separated at homes and businesses.
A: We expect the building for Ford ERF to be up to approximately 52m high, with a stack up to approximately 85m, incorporating solar panels on the roof of the facility. We are carefully considering the use of colour on the upper parts of the building. Darker colours on the lower areas will help integrate them with the surrounding landscape.

The main building itself will contain a tipping hall, waste bunker, boiler house, ash storage, turbine and flue gas treatment. There will be separate structures for the transformer and electrical rooms and air-cooled condenser.

The Waste Sorting and Transfer Facility will contain a large storage building, workshop, admin facilities and car parking.

You can also see how the proposed facility would look from the South Downs National Park. This image form part of our visual impact assessment, which will be included with other viewpoints as part of our planning application.
View Planning Application

A: No, there are noise limits for energy recovery facilities and our main operations take place within an enclosed building. There will be some noise associated with deliveries and on-site movements, but this won’t have a significant impact on people and communities living near the facility. We will be carrying out detailed noise assessments as part of our planning process, which includes assessing any impacts on our nearest neighbours

Both facilities have been designed to minimise noise where possible. Site management procedures will be adopted to manage this.

A: Odour management is an integrated and important part of the design of the waste transfer station and energy recovery facility odour control measures will be investigated and incorporated into the design and day to day working practices at the site.

During operations, periodic perimeter surveys would check for odours and the results would be recorded in an operations log book that would be available for inspection by the Environment Agency.

All areas where waste is handled are fully enclosed within the buildings.

A: Ford ERF is designed to export heat and power and we believe there are local opportunities to make use of this. We’re talking to potential users to understand how we might be able to work together.

Traffic and transport

A: Ford Circular Technology Park currently has planning permission for 120 HGVs entering and exiting the site Mondays to Fridays and 60 HGVs entering and exiting the site on Saturdays. It is proposed that these limits would remain in place during operation of the proposed WSTF and ERF.
A: During construction and operations, all traffic will enter and exit the site using our new access road from Ford Road. In January 2020 we closed off the Yapton access point – this won’t be used in future.

You can view our proposed HGV route here.

A: Yes, traffic management policies will be put in place for all our suppliers both during construction and operation. We will work hard to minimise the impact on local road users and residents.

Environmental and technical

A: The technology is modern, safe and proven. Viridor currently operates nine energy recovery facilities in the UK, with one under construction. Grundon Waste Management and Viridor operate a JV at Lakeside EFW which has been operational for 10 years. Across Europe, there are more than 400 ERFs in operation using this technology. You can view a map of where other Energy Recovery Facilities are located in the UK, here.

A: The ERF will operate 24 hours a day, seven days a week, though there will be periods of annual maintenance when waste processing is reduced. The majority of deliveries and collections will be received / made between 6am and 8pm Mondays to Fridays and 8am and 6pm on Saturdays. The WSTF will operate from 6am to 8pm Mondays to Fridays, 8am to 6pm on Saturdays.
A: The electricity will be exported into the national electricity network for onward distribution to the homes and businesses that need it. We’re also looking at how excess heat and power generated by the facility could be used locally.

Air quality

A: The stack will be a maximum height of 85m. We are currently working with the relevant authorities to determine if a pilot light is required.
A: Ford ERF, like all modern ERF facilities, will be regulated to ensure it meets the requirements of the European Industrial Emissions Directive, which is strictly monitored and enforced by the Environment Agency. The design and operation of all new Energy Recovery Facilities must comply with the Emission Limit Values (ELVs) set out in the Waste Incineration Directive (WID) recently incorporated into the Industrial Emissions Directive. The WID aims to reduce the impact of waste incineration on human health and the environment.

We would use a continuous, automatic monitoring system, which operates 24 hours a day, all year round. The monitoring results would be automatically sent to the regulator – the Environment Agency – which reviews them against the relevant UK and international standards.

You can find out more information on how emissions are monitored here

A: The following emissions will be monitored on a continuous basis at Ford ERF as they are all a product of the combustion process:
  • Dust (Particulates) - Particulate Matter is generally categorised on the basis of the size of the particles. It is made up of a wide range of materials and can arise from a variety of sources. Particulate Matter derives from both human-made and natural sources, such as sea spray, Saharan dust and volcanic eruptions. In the UK one of the biggest human-made sources of particulate matter is transport.
  • Total Organic Carbon - Total Organic Carbon is part of a group of liquids and gases often called volatile organic compounds (VOCs). Many industrial processes emit VOCs including printing, surface coating and painting, however, households and road transport also contribute a substantial fraction.
  • Hydrogen Chloride (HCl) - At room temperature, Hydrogen Chloride exists as either a colourless or slightly yellow gas. The main source of Hydrogen Chloride is old coal burning power stations.
  • Carbon Monoxide (CO) - Carbon Monoxide is formed from incomplete combustion of carbon-containing fuels. The largest source is from road transport; older vehicles which do not have catalytic convertors produce significant amounts with newer cars producing very little.
  • Sulphur Dioxide (SO2)- UK emissions are dominated by combustion of fuels containing Sulphur, such as coal and heavy oils by power stations and refineries. In some parts of the UK, notably Northern Ireland, coal for domestic use is a significant source.
  • Oxides of Nitrogen - All combustion processes in air produce oxides of nitrogen (NOx). Nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and nitric oxide (NO) are both oxides of nitrogen and together are referred to as NOx Road transport is the main source, but this can also be formed in lightning storms and from natural breakdown processes in soil and water.
A: The way we monitor air quality is agreed with the Environment Agency as part of our Environmental Permit.

Emissions management is built into the design of the ERF. Flue gases are treated to ensure ERFs are a low source of environmental pollutants and contribute only a small fraction of both local and national total emissions of particles.

Non-recyclable waste is burnt under controlled conditions and heat from the combustion process generates high pressure steam and energy. The combustion gases are cleaned before they are released to atmosphere. There are typically four components to the flue gas cleaning and abatement technique:

  • Selective Non-Catalytic Reduction (SNCR), by injecting urea into the combustion chamber, abates nitrogen oxides;
  • Hydrated lime reagent, is injected to neutralise acid gas compounds;
  • Activated carbon, is injected to absorb mercury, dioxins and furans;
  • Bag filtration remove fine particulates.


A: The construction of the proposed development will lead to a short-term increase in employment. During the peak months of construction it is anticipated that there could be up to 450 workers on-site.

During operations, the existing 24 jobs at the WSTF will increase to approximately 40 permanent jobs. In addition, a further 40 permanent jobs will be created at the ERF. In total, we expect to have around 80 people permanently employed on site.

A: When operational Ford CTP there will be many permanent jobs created, including plant operations and management, maintenance mechanics, electrical and instrumentation technicians, environmental, health and safety, accounting / finance and IT specialists.